Significant advances in the experimental embryology, cytology, molecular genetics and genetic engineering have led to the formation of a new field of biomedicine – regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicine employs pluripotency of stem cells for restoration of diverse tissues and body structures. The approach is applied in oncology, orthopedics, neurology, cardiology, endocrinology, etc.
The role of stem cells
Discussions about the benefits or risks of stem cells application are now often debated. At first, stem cells have appeared to be an expensive panacea that can cure any disease. Other publications have discussed the adverse effects of stem cell therapy, such as the risk of cancer. Repeatedly conducted studies have proved that the risk of cancer is zero. Stem cell therapy in Germany uses only proven scientifically methods of regenerative medicine, in which the development of complications is almost impossible.
Stem cells are cells that are capable of differentiation and transformation into many other types of cells, for example, skin cells, liver cells, brain cells, etc. Stem cells are divided into the natural (embryonic and adult cells) and grown in the laboratory ones. Each of these types has properties and characteristics that are unique to this type.
Cellular technologies are already developing so actively that they have moved from the fundamental biological field to the field of regenerative medicine, which implements the achievements of science of the last decades into practical healthcare tools – this is translational medicine. That is, these technologies are not becoming prospects for the near future, but rather well-recognized, repeatedly tested, reliable methods of treatment.
What tissues can stem cells be harvested from?
Currently, the greatest attention is given to the adult’s own mesenchymal cells. Work with this type of stem cells does not carry the chance of developing cancer in the patient. Stem cells can be taken from various body tissues, such as red bone marrow, cartilage or skin. Then they are concentrated by centrifugation. Further, stem cells can go through the incubation and induction stage to increase their number. In other cases, mesenchymal stem cells are introduced into a “sore spot” immediately after concentration.
A mandatory and necessary condition for the effectiveness of therapy is the targeted injection of stem cells suspension directly into the damaged tissue. The procedure usually goes virtually painless, thanks to the latest equipment. For these purposes, doctors often use ultrasound or X-ray navigation methods.
Is stem cell therapy effective in older people?
A significant problem of cell therapy based on the use of own stem and progenitor cells is a decrease in the regenerative potential of cells with age and in patients with severe chronic diseases, primarily diabetes mellitus. Many laboratories in the world are working to increase the therapeutic activity of cells with the help of special modifications at the genetics level. For this purpose the introduction of growth factor genes, cytokines, or signaling molecules into the cells is used.
The increased ability of transplant to produce biologically active substances, increasing their viability and survival after transplantation into damaged tissues is taken into account. Its main concept is the cure of the disease due to the regeneration of altered or damaged tissues or organs.
Is it possible to use stem cells in oncology treatment?
In German clinics, stem cell therapy is actively used for the treatment of cancer. It is especially effective in the treatment of solid tumors, this method is used as an additional option in the conventional cancer chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery.
This type of therapy is also applied in patients at the stage of remission in order to prevent relapse. Stem cells are also aimed at reducing side effects after chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
If you are interested in stem cell treatment and would like to receive it in Germany, please contact Booking Health. Booking Health specialists will provide comprehensive information regarding all your questions, select individual diagnostic or treatment programs for you. You will also receive assistance in all organizational aspects, such as visa issuing, booking tickets, transfer, selection of housing and so on. With the support of Booking Health, you can be sure that your stay in Germany will be as comfortable as possible.