The prostate is mainly a part of the male reproductive system. This mainly includes the prostate, penis, seminal vesicles, as well as testicles.
The prostate is mainly located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Some of the facts about prostate cancer treatment have been discussed in this article.
What are some of the different symptoms of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer mainly begins when cells present in the prostate gland mainly start to grow out of control. This prostate is the gland that is mainly found only in males. This gland also produces some of the fluid, which is mainly the part of semen. Some of the common symptoms of this type of cancer mainly include:
Males do experience some of the below symptoms. Such as:
- Some people experience difficulty in starting as well as maintaining urination.
- There is a frequent desire for urination, which mainly occurs at night
- There may be traces of blood in the urine or the semen
- The urination can be painful.
- In some of the cases, there can be pain on ejaculation
- A person may face difficulty getting or maintaining the erection
- A person may feel pain or discomfort at the time of sitting if in case the prostate is enlarged
Different types of prostate cancer to know about
Different types of prostate cancers are mainly adenocarcinomas. These cancers mainly develop from different gland cells.
Some of the different types of cancer which can start mainly in the prostate include:
- The small cell carcinomas
- The neuroendocrine tumours
- The transitional cell carcinomas
- The sarcomas
The factors affecting the prostate cancer
Doctors are mainly unsure about the reason behind the occurrence of prostate cancer. But below are some of the following risk factors:
Age: The risk of occurrence of prostate cancer mainly increases after the age of 50. This is mainly rare before the age of 45.
Race or ethnicity: This type of cancer is more common in the case of black males in comparison to white males. The Asian, as well as Hispanic males, have a lower risk in comparison to black males or white males.
Family history: If any male has got some close relative having a history of prostate cancer, then they have a higher chance of developing it themselves.
Genetic factors: Some of the inherited features increase the risk.
Various types of treatments available for the prostate cancer
The treatment of prostate cancer will mainly depend on the stage of cancer, among some other factors. Some of the treatments of prostate cancer are as follows:
Monitoring: This is the type of treatment if the prostate is small in size.
The doctor may also need to regularly check the PSA blood levels, but they must not take any immediate action.
Surgery: The surgeon will carry out the procedure known as prostatectomy. They mainly remove the prostate gland by using either laparoscopic or open surgery.
Radiation therapy: This type of treatment mainly includes brachytherapy, in which the doctor will implant the radioactive seeds into the prostate for delivering the targeted radiation treatment. This also includes conformal radiation therapy, which mainly targets the specific area, thus minimizing any risk to the healthy tissue.
Chemotherapy: This type of treatment can help kill cancer cells present around the body, but the same can cause adverse effects.
Males having the early stage of prostate cancer have a good chance of effective treatment and survival. One of the best ways to detect prostate cancer is to do regular screening in the earlier stages.