If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you may already know how insulin works and its use. However, did you know that there are two basic types of insulin and three ways you can use it? To gain full control over your diabetes, you need to understand how insulin works in your body and when you should use which type of insulin. This guide on using insulin will help you start managing your diabetes the right way.
So, what is insulin?
It is a hormone produced by beta cells within our pancreas. It is responsible for moving sugar (glucose) out of our blood and into our cells. Without insulin, we would not be able to utilize glucose and would eventually die due to complications related to hypoglycemia. Insulin allows us to use glucose (sugar) for energy in each of our body’s 100 trillion cells. Read also this editor’s recommended post:List of foods that reverse insulin resistance for type 2 diabetes person.
Understanding Basal and Bolus Insulins
1. Basal insulin is a long-acting insulin that keeps your blood sugar level steady throughout most of your day and night. Basal insulins include Levemir, Lantus, NPH, and Ultralente.
2. Bolus insulin is a short-acting insulin that you take to manage a meal or snack or treat high blood sugar after eating a meal or snack containing carbohydrates (carb). Bolus insulins include: Humalog, Novolog, Apidra, and Regular (R).
The Importance of Carb Counting
When it comes to insulin dosing, carb counting is an essential skill. Carb counting makes it possible to measure your blood sugar response to foods and know whether you need to take more or less insulin based on your meal choices. It also helps you identify high-carbohydrate foods with a low glycemic index (which causes blood sugar levels to rise slowly), reducing blood sugar spikes after meals.
When and Where to Inject
You should know when and where to inject your insulin. Different forms of insulin need to be administered at different times, so you must pay attention to when your body needs a boost and how much. The good news is that insulin pen needles are no longer what you may have used in years past. Modern insulin pens are safe, easy-to-use devices that help make things easier for both adults and children on daily injections. Depending on your specific needs, consult your physician on what form is best for you.
Choosing a Glucose Monitor
When deciding which glucose monitor will work best for you, here are some things to consider: What do you want it to do? Are you looking for a watch, a clip-on, or a more invasive device? How often are you willing to check your blood sugar? It’s best to look for a company specializing in several different types of glucose monitors. For example, Tandem Diabetes makes very user-friendly devices with excellent accuracy and wireless convenience.
To use insulin properly, you need to understand what it is and how it works. Make sure that you know how to administer it effectively to control your diabetes. For more information about using insulin, speak with your doctor. Instead of insulin injection, get this ORGANOPLEX – Insulin plant powder (costus igneus), it is a 100% natural supplement.