How to start a successful bees farming business
Honey bees are not as difficult as you know the different types of bees and the different behaviors of each. It is also useful to know the anatomy of bees, so that their specific functions are better understood. These basic principles or abcd of bees farming business are what makes it easy for beginners to make it their personal business or pursue it as a hobby.
By understanding the basics, it is possible to find healthy and productive bees that produce quality honey in large quantities. Beekeeping is interesting to say the least and it is rewarding to see that your efforts produce a lot of honey. It is also beneficial for the plants and crops that are nearby, as many survive by pollination by the bees.
This pollination is how bees collect the nectar used in making honey. Bees fly from plant to plant and collect nectar to store in the harvest used for food supplies, but they collect more than they can consume and this abundance is what we extract as honey.
Many people jump enthusiastically into honey bee farming these days because the decline in wild bee populations due to foreign pests and diseases are all the news. The decline in wild bees has made the role of individual backyard beekeeping much more important – honey bees play such a central role in pollinating food crops.
If you are interested in starting a simple hill in the backyard to do your role or even in eventually developing an extensive apiary for running a beekeeping business, below are a few tested tips to help you get started.
12 Tips for Starting a Successful Bees Farming Business:
1. Be willing to learn
Learn as much as you can about the topic of beekeeping before you ever take action. Learning the basics is enough to get you started, but real success comes with real knowledge. Get acquainted with bee behavior and social structure. Learn about best practices in beekeeping. Explore the natural food sources and the life cycle of bees. Teaching yourself as well as you can on all aspects of bees and honey bees will make your hobby more rewarding and your business more profitable.
2. Get full training on bees farming business
You must complete the training before starting a commercial honey bee farming business. Without training, you cannot run your business perfectly.
It is recommended to learn practically from an existing bees farmer in your area. And it is also advised that you work with local bees farmers in your area, especially if you have no experience handling with bees.
In some countries, governmental organizations offer beekeeping training. You can get training from such training organizations. Learn from an experienced beekeeper.
3. Determine bees farming methods
You can start your beekeeping business in many different ways. The most common methods of bees farming are:
a. Traditional beekeeping
Fixed chambers are used in traditional beekeeping. Beekeeping using fixed chambers is an essential part of the livelihoods of many communities in poor countries.
But in industrialized countries, hills are no longer used, and are illegal in places that require mobile chims to inspect for problems like Varro and American foul-bread.
b. Modern Beekeeping
Top bar hives and vertical stackable hives are mainly used in modern beekeeping. It is a generally accepted system in many countries.
c. Natural beekeeping
The natural bee farming movement believes that beekeepers are weakened by modern beekeeping and agricultural practices, such as wheat spray, hive movement, frequent hive inspections, artificial queen insemination, and routine medication and sugar water nutrition.
The practitioners of “natural beekeeping” tend to use variations of the top-bar hive, which is a simple design that retains the concept of having a moving chest without the use of frames or a foundation.
d. The backyard bees
Backyard bee farming is very similar to or related to natural beekeeping. The backyard bees farming is a way of operating a less industrialized way of obtaining honey by using small-scale colonies that pollinate urban gardens.
e. Domestic beekeeping
Nowadays, some beekeepers have also begun to keep bees inside. Indoor beekeeping is carried out in a controlled environment or in indoor observation chambers.
4. Use the Hive & Grounds
Beekeepers generally use an artificial hill to house honey bees. There is a wide selection of hive available on the market, and the design you choose will largely depend on personal preferences. The type of bee farming you have in mind or the variety of beekeeping products you plan to sell will also affect the decision.
You want to set the hill and the bees ground before you order your bees. Place the hill in a location that offers only shelter from the weather and that is also close to local food and water sources. A fresh water supply should be available throughout the year, and you may need to add such a supply to your site.
5. Save your supply shelves and bees medicine cabinet
After studying bee farming practice, you’ll have a good idea of what stocks, tools, supplements, and medicines are needed for your beekeeping. Buy these stocks in advance so that they are at hand when needed. Consider keeping a bee medicine breast full stock to treat any disease or pest problems in a timely manner.
6. Buying your bees
Some of the most experienced beekeepers choose to catch wild bees, but most of the bees farmers buy from a bees supplier. Bees arrive packed, with each package weighing somewhere between two and five pounds and containing thousands or tens of thousands of bees, including a queen. A good beekeeping guide in addition to the materials often included in bee packages will help you settle the bees in their new home.
7. Species of bees
There are more than 20,000 species of bees known worldwide, belonging to the family Apidae, which includes honeybees, bumblebees, carpenter bees, orchid bees, and many others. Here are the 7 most common species of bees:
1. Honeybees (Apis mellifera) – the most well-known and important species of bee, responsible for pollinating many crops and producing honey.
2. Bumblebees (Bombus spp.) – large, fuzzy bees that are important pollinators of wildflowers and crops.
3. Mason bees (Osmia spp.) – solitary bees that nest in holes and crevices and are important pollinators of fruit trees.
4. Carpenter bees (Xylocopa spp.) – large, shiny bees that nest in wood and are important pollinators of some flowers.
5. Leafcutter bees (Megachile spp.) – solitary bees that use leaf pieces to construct their nests and are important pollinators of many crops.
6. Sweat bees (Halictidae) – small, colorful bees that are attracted to sweat and are important pollinators of many flowers.
7. Orchid bees (Euglossini) – colorful bees that are important pollinators of orchids.
These are just a few examples, and there are many other species of bees with diverse characteristics and habitats.
8. Caring and other management
Bees are not important. They will take good care of themselves. All you have to do is keep the colony clean, healthy and well managed.
9. Diseases and Other Problems
The bees can be affected by various types of enemies and diseases. The two major enemies and diseases are described explained below.
In wet conditions, bees are affected by wax fighting. These diseases can be determined by seeing the hill covered with a layer like a spider’s net.
By keeping the box clean and clean and changing them from time to time, we can prevent these diseases. Potassium permanganate can be used in the beekeeper to prevent this. The door of the box should be closed at night and reopened in the morning.
Another harmful disease of bees is acarin. The wing of the affected side looks like “A”. And they move by using their chest. The wardrobe of the affected bees is yellow.
The bees move here and there separately. In many cases they are paralyzed. Involved queen bees stop laying eggs. The main solution for this disease is the spread of mithael solid vapor in the cage.
10. The harvest
Honey, Bees Wax, Royal Jelly, Bee Venom, Propolis & Pollen are the main bee products of a commercial honey bee company. You need to harvest honey at the end of a flowering period.
In the traditional bees farming system, you should choose a chest that contains ripe honey that is covered with a fine layer of white bee wax, usually those that are closest to the outside of the nest.
And honey is only extracted from super chest using honey extractor equipment.
Marketing of honey or other beekeeping products is very simple because these products already have good demand and value in both the local and international market. You will likely be able to sell your products in the local market.
12. Continue to learn and grow
No matter how much you study the subject before you get involved, there will be so much more to learn, and part of that learning comes from practical interaction with the bees and the hill. Stay committed to your new hobby or business. Set a schedule and stick to it. You get the hang of it, and before you know it, you will be the one who educates others on the subject of honey bees.
6 Basic Principles About Honey Bees Farming Business
Scientifically speaking, of the 20,000 different species of bees, only seven or so are honey bees. Honey beekeeping requires one to keep an eye on all the details about bee farming. There are 6 basic principles about beekeeping honey bees that are usually the most important in practice.
1. Not all bees can produce honey.
As already mentioned, there may be more than 20,000 species of bees, but only seven or so species are able to produce real honey. When practicing honey bees, it is important to know that the bees are probably the only members of the Apini tribe of bees and they all belong to the genus Apis.
2. The Honey Bee colony
A typical bee colony consists of the Queen Bee that more resembles the mother of all bees, the drone bees whose role is to fertilize the queen, and the working bees that serve as the defense line and protection for the entire bee colonies.
In bee farming, the life cycle of bees is very important to note because it defines a lot. During this life cycle, pollination occurs and the special type of bee that produces honey is a frequent visitor to flower environments. They pollinate a lot of plants and in the pollination process they do this while trying to collect the pollen.
The produced honey is formed due to a combination of factors. It is formed after the nectar and sweet deposits of the various trees and plants have been collected, chemically modified and eventually stored by the bees in the honeymoon. It serves as a source of food for the entire colony.
5. The defensive mechanism
Honey beekeeping can be a very frightening activity for many people, simply because of the defense mechanism that bees have. All honey bees usually find habitat in a colony of working bees. It is these working bees that bite foreign invaders as a means of defending the colony. The bees that are notified of the attack almost immediately trigger an attack from other bees by releasing pheromones, a chemical that triggers the attacks of the other Bees.
6. Means of communication
In bee farming, it should be noted that honey bees do communicate. However, they do this in a number of ways, including through scents and chemicals. In addition, they also use specific behavior to pass certain messages to other bees to participate in the attack or to any other intruder to try to warn or deter them.